From the ban on the importation of waste from the rest of the world to the primacy of solar energy production on the planet. Clean energy, environmental policies and technologies contributed to the growth of 6.9% of Chinese GDP in 2017. For the first time in seven years a strong sign of recovery, according to analysts, mainly due to investments in these sectors. China has been changing its environment for a couple of years , as evidenced by the recent launch of the carbon market, a system for the exchange of CO2 emissions that will currently only concern the electricity sector ..
It is enough to overcome the value of the European Union. So President Xi Jinping tries to reconcile the energy demand that still depends heavily on coal with the demand of public opinion that is increasingly attentive and critical of air pollution. So much so that the new Chinese middle class is leaving the megalopolis to reach (and distort) unspoiled places . In short, a balance difficult to reach and not at all facilitated by episodes such as the environmental disaster caused last January 14 by the sinking of the Sanchi oil tanker . Yet there are several actions taken in the last two years by Beijing.
CARBON EMISSIONS CONTROL – In December, China unveiled its plan to create the world’s largest carbon emissions market . A commitment already taken in 2015. Each company will be assigned a share of emissions . Whoever produces excess CO2 will be able to buy shares from companies that have polluted less than allowed. Each utility can then decide whether to pay for the extra carbon issued or change its activitiesin order to reduce the CO2 generated. In a first phase, the market will involve 1,700 electric companies,
which together produce over 3 billion tons of CO2 per year. The original plan involved eight economic sectors, but Beijing chose to exclude from the program emissions from the aviation industry and other sectors, such as the chemical and petrochemical sectors. However, this is not a new plan, considering that the Chinese energy sector represents 46% of the carbon dioxide emissions in the country. However, it should be added that so far there have been pressures from industrialists to obtain free allowances and allowances, which has brought down the price of carbon. It will be time to say if this plan has actually marked a turning point.
POLICIES FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND CLEAN ENERGY – The Beijing ban on the importation of waste from the rest of the world , through which the EU has so far exported 60 percent of the plastic waste produced in China 13% of paper ones . In the last two years, Beijing has doubled its photovoltaic energy production capacity, becoming in 2016 the country that produces the most solar energy in the world.
Famoso has become one of the world’s largest solar parks, the Panda Green Energy Group Limited, a solar farmwhich depicts just a panda. An obligatory path, given that China is the main producer of greenhouse gases in the world, with 28% of emissions. For this reason, in January 2017, it announced that it will stop the construction of 104 new coal-fired plants and that it will invest 361 billion dollars up to 2020 in renewable energy sources, to reach that date at 15% of the energy mix.
INVESTMENTS – And the highest purification tower in the world is still in China, of 100 meters, which in Xian, in the province of Shaanxi, has contributed greatly to reduce the levels of smog. The tower is being tested. The project is of the Institute of Earth Environment of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The air is drawn in by a series of greenhouses that are at the base of the tower.
The sun warms the air, which rises along the tower in which several filters are installed. Another record: the Dragon is the country in the world where it is spending more for investments in clean energy. The Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) calculated that $ 32 billion was spent in 2016 and $ 44 billion in 2017. According to a study published last July in the journal Science Advances and carried out by Chinese, French and Americans,by 2030 the Asian giant will return to breathe an air similar to that breathed in the 80s, before the economic boom.